The Pilates method is a movement-based system created in the early 1920’s by Joseph H. Pilates. Originally called ‘Contrology’, it builds on six basic principles: concentration, centring, control, precision, flow, and breathing.
Exercises are initially performed concentrically and progressively expand eccentrically within a bigger range of motion, once the required strength is achieved. The Pilates method consists in strengthening primarily the so-called powerhouse (transverse abdominis), to progress into higher levels. It is particularly efficient for lower back problems and therapeutic purposes due to its linear movement patterns.
Equipment – Reformer with Tower
The Reformer is one of the most famous apparatus created by Joseph Pilates. It consists of a sliding carriage with straps and springs providing resistance along with the exerciser’s body weight. A Reformer session starts with leg strengthening exercises (footwork) and develops into the use of all body parts from lying down to sitting, kneeling, and standing positions. As the client progresses into higher levels of exercises, they will acquire strength and mobility from concentric and eccentric exercises, changing the centre of gravity, surface stability, and challenging upper body strength and spinal articulation. The Tower is the simplified version of the Cadillac created mainly for therapeutic purposes. The Cadillac consists of a frame with springs, a push-through bar and a roll-down bar. The Tower is mostly used to deepen the understanding and control of all Pilates exercises.